F U N D A C I Ó N
C O N T E X T O
A T A C A M A
ESTUDIO, PROTECCIÓN Y DESARROLLO DE LOS CONTEXTOS URBANOS Y ARQUITECTÓNICOS PATRIMONIALES DE LAS COMUNIDADES DEL DESIERTO DE ATACAMA - CHILE
Complejo de acceso Lagunas Miscanti y Meñíques
Mapa del territorio. Territory map.
Cristian Games Díaz
Planos y renders
Giselle Pastén M.
Municipalidad de Calama
The project is located in the southern sector of the city of Calama, in an area where the Loa River begins in its urban part, which corresponds to 1 km. of the total of 7 k. where the river adjoins the city. The area where the project is located corresponds to the continuation of El Loa Park, a traditional river border area of the city, which shows its most urban linkage of 7 k. of extension, since in the remaining space the river only adjoins cultivated spaces, of what formerly was the city predominantly as an oasis.
The project is about forming a river border walk, which joins the existing park and can contemplate a circuit through the use of pedestrian walkways. Within the park are requested the incorporation of trade and rest stations as concessionable spaces, as well as 2 pedestrian walkways and the extension of the Natural History Museum, which exists in the place, finally the design of the park should contemplate the requirements of flooding delivered by the Hydraulic Works Directorate of the Ministry of Public Works.
The design of a river border park is proposed, in both slopes - east and west - whose relationship is established through two pedestrian footbridges, generating a fluid circuit between the two hillsides and the strategic location of a series of rest stations and viewpoints within the promenade, with a high level of visibility among them in their journey placing them as part of the existing landscape.
It is proposed a river edge walk that allows the contemplation of the Loa River, in its urban part, as well as the possibility of relating to its more distant environment such as the Cordillera de Los Andes, in its eastern part.
A simple public space is proposed, materialized in narrow paths of flooding material in the floods of the river in the months of January and February, even though the entire project is designed on the line of 50 years, which is requested by the Directorate of Hydraulic Works for avoid recurrent damages in annual floods.
Apachetas - rest stations
Inside the walk were some rest stations called "Apachetas", which are spaces for shade and rest, which in some cases is transformed into concessionable viewing areas where small cafeteria and restroom services can be delivered, in a way to enhance their use, for the whole day.
It was contemplated the use of Cortez steel, in its structure, which seeks to generate recognizable elements within the walkway, whose materiality allows a minimum maintenance, high durability and at the same time the generation of filtered shade in its lower part.
The footbridges were considered as part of the circuit, in such a way that their shape acquires the same geometry of the walk, it even generates a shader in all its extension with north orientation, where the solar radiation comes during the whole day, besides generating permanence with seats linked to shadow spaces. Its structure is made of steel, while its shadow structure is also made of Cortez steel, just like the rest breaks on the walk.