Consultorio de salud mental Antofagasta
Mental health clinic, Antofagasta
The project is located in the city of Antofagasta, in the north central sector of the city. Antofagasta was born as a salitrero port the year thanks to the work of the company Melbourne & Clark, which builds the railroad and the nitrate spring, being in 1869 the design of the first plane of the city. From there, and especially after of the incorporation of this territory after the War of the Pacific in 1879.
We are in charge of the design of a COSAM mental health office for the north-central area of the city, directly attached to the Dr. Antonio Rendic family practice, in 507 m2 on an area of 700 m2. The land available for the project is a narrow site whose access is possible through the side street, as well as internally from the family health clinic.
The principal, the Health Service of Antofagasta, demands that the project be designed in its entirety in reinforced concrete.
The project takes as a first step, the action of partitioning in small volumes of two floors, which are distributed throughout the site, to generate interior courtyards that strategically allow to form micro indoor climates associated with the adjoining rooms, as well as generate a greater number of façade with north orientation, where it has the largest number of hours of day of natural lighting.
It was considered necessary to create 3 interior patios in order to ensure open spaces, but in a well controlled manner in their proportions, which allow them, together with the collaboration of trees, to create an appropriate microclimate for the development of activities outside the workshops or rooms that are contiguous to these courtyards.
North facing facades
When these courtyards were opened, new facades were formed, especially the facades of north orientation were considered as those that required having a spatial lattice system, which allows the intensity of the solar radiation to be adjusted. These lattices are separated from the façade, freeing it and at the same time allowing to form a cover that protects the middle of the patio, hoping that the action of the planted trees can collaborate in this work of giving shade to the interior patios.
Finally, the east orientation gallery was used throughout the length of the complex, associated with the access ramp, all of which with this double height allows the office to light and ventilate passively.